Posthumanism and Ecofeminist Theology - Toward a Nondualist Spirituality
The early 21st century climate crisis and environmental degradation has brought environmentalism closer to religion and postmodern feminist theories, in the paradigm of ecofeminist theology and philosophical posthumanist thinking. This era we live in, that of the Anthropocene—which asserts itself through the normativity of a hierarchical and dominant structure of man over non-human others/nature—is about to bring us to the threshold of the Sixth Extinction. This means that ecofeminist theology focuses both on the ecological health of Earth and on that of the dissolution of masculine(culture)–feminine(nature) binary oppositions, but especially regaining the sacred dimension of Earth. This aspect requires a rethinking of the current condition of life, from the perspective of posthumanist and Deleuzian deconstructivist theories of “becoming”, within the transversal, multilayered and nondualistic limits of differences—a paradigm in which the Earth and all human/non-human others are seen, symbolically, materially and spiritually, as being rhizomatic living agents. Thus, the general objective of the paper follows an approach from the ecofeminist theology perspective, regarding the dimension of nondualist spirituality as an alternative method of rethinking man’s spiritual relationship with the Earth. The theoretical objective focuses on the symbolic-cultural deconstruction of zoē–bios dualism, from the perspective of Rosi Braidotti and Francesca Ferrando’s posthumanist philosophical theories, in a Zoē-centered way of thinking—an aspect that leads to a rhizomatic and transversal relationship with the “vital materiality”, in a post-anthropocentric and post-dualist paradigm.
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