Christianity and Non-Christian Religions in Karl Rahner s Vision

Jean Nedelea

Abstract


In the context of the late modernity, Karl Rahner endeavoured to offer a theological solution to the current and complicated issue of the religious pluralism. What are the apriorical anthropological data of religions? Has God revealed Himself in a redeeming way also in the extra-biblical religions? Is it still possible to postulate a universal salvation way and an absolute religious truth? Is it possible to acknowledge other religions as ways of salvation and their prophets redeeming, at the same time calling Christianity the religion of salvation and Jesus Christ absolute Saviour? What justification and what entitlement still has the Christian apostolate if salvation is possible also in the other religions? And what could animate an anonymous Christian to wish to move from the implicit, anonymous belief, of which he is not aware, to the explicit one? In a world of religious diversity and weak faith, what strategies of accommodation  and service should adopt the little flock to continue to be the soul of the world? Promoting a Christological-inclusivist perspective according to which Christ is in the religions of the world and is their fulfillment, and not against or above them and claiming the mystical apostolate of the good news of the universality of salvation, Rahner offered an answer to all these questions. His answer and the topicality of this answer are the subjects treated in this study.


Keywords


Christianity, religions, transcendence, hearer of the Word, absolute Mystery, universal will of salvation, seeking memory, absolute Saviour, anonymous Christians

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